FOREiGN POLiCY BRiEF: CANADA’S RESPONSE TO UKRAiNE-RUSSiA CONFLiCT

Introduction:



This policy brief offers two approaches that the Canadian government can consider supporting the Ukrainian government’s war effort against the ongoing Russian invasion. The proposed policies have their implications and should be considered in light of the rapidly changing circumstances. The low- risk policy suggests the Canadian government start providing necessary shelters and transportation to Ukrainian refugees. This policy is an addition to Canada’s ongoing refugee assistance policy (Government of Canada 2022). The high-risk policy suggests the Canadian government, in addition to expanding the loan to the Ukrainian government and strengthening its sanctions against Russia, continues to send necessary military equipment to support the Ukrainian government. This option intends to contain the Russian invasion by sustaining the Ukrainian war effort.


Context:



On February 24, Russia invaded Ukraine. This invasion has led millions of Ukrainians to flee their country (BBC News 2022). Ukraine’s democracy and national independence are also in danger (Stein 2022). This dire situation is a result of Russia’s intention to contain NATO expansion in Eastern Europe and exert their sphere of influence in Ukraine (Duncan 2022). As a member of the U.N. and NATO, Canada has offered loans to the Ukrainian government in addition to its condemnation of and sanction on Russia (Stober 2022). Russia has strong military power and nuclear capacity, so any action stemming from NATO members must be carried out with care not to escalate the war further (Stein 2022)...



FOREiGN POLiCY BRiEF
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Author: Pengyu Chen