BOLSONARO’S ENViRONMENTAL POLiCY AND UNCONTACTED INDiGENOUS PEOPLE iNTHE AMAZON
This paper explores how policies implemented by President Jair Bolsonaro's government in Brazil systemically and critically threaten uncontacted tribes in the Amazon. It includes a background on the complex political situation of uncontacted indigenous peoples in Brazil and examines how environmental policy interacts with economic development and activism in the country.
Elected in 2018, Brazil’s current president Jair Bolsonaro assumed office at the beginning of 2019 and notably stated his interest in exploiting the country’s natural resources, with one of his main campaign stances being his support for agribusiness (Faiola & Lopes 2018). Given Brazil’s jurisdiction over a significant percentage of the Amazon rainforest, this position was alarming for advocates of preserving the rainforest, as well as Indigenous groups who live in the Amazon region. This essay seeks to explore the research question of how environmental policies implemented by President Jair Bolsonaro's government in Brazil impact uncontacted tribes in the Amazon. I argue that Bolsonaro’s environmental policies systemically and critically threaten uncontacted Indigenous tribes in the Amazon due to their encouragement of harmful activities such as agriculture and extractivism in the region, their countering of established protections for Indigenous groups like designated lands, and refusal to account for the concerns of environmental and Indigenous advocates...
Author: Allison Zhao